DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

The Assault on East Prussia

« Stalin and the Betrayal of Leningrad

The Battle of Kursk »

Description

The Assault on East Prussia

From Wikipedia

The East Prussian Offensive was a strategic offensive by the Red Army against the German Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front (World War II). It lasted from 13 January to 25 April 1945, though some German units did not surrender until 9 May. The Battle of Königsberg was a major part of the offensive, which ended in victory for the Red Army.

The East Prussian Offensive is known to German historians as the Second East Prussian Offensive. The First East Prussian Offensive (also known as the Gumbinnen Operation), took place from 16–27 October 1944, and was carried out by the 3rd Belorussian Front under General I.D. Chernyakhovsky as part of the Memel Offensive of the 1st Baltic Front. The Soviet forces took heavy casualties while penetrating 30–60 km (19–37 mi) into East Prussia and Poland, and the offensive was postponed until greater reserves could be gathered.

The main thrust of the offensive was to be conducted by the 3rd Belorussian Front under Ivan Chernyakhovsky. His forces were tasked with driving westwards towards Königsberg, against the defensive positions of the 3rd Panzer Army and 4th Army, the northern armies of General Georg-Hans Reinhardt's Army Group Centre.

From the north, on Chernyakhovsky's right flank, General Hovhannes Bagramyan's 1st Baltic Front would attack the positions of the 3rd Panzer Army on the Neman, as well as crushing its small bridgehead at Memel. Chernyakhovsky's left flank would be supported by the 2nd Belorussian Front of Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky, which was initially ordered to push north-west to the Vistula, through the lines of the 2nd Army, thereby sealing off the whole of East Prussia.

The Soviet offensive began on 13 January with a heavy preparatory bombardment. At first, the Red Army made disappointing progress; the 3rd Belorussian Front gained just 1.5 km on the first day. Over the next five days, the Soviets managed to advance only a further 20 km, at the cost of very high casualties. Eventually, after almost two weeks of severe fighting, the Red Army began making steady progress, although again, this came at the price of high losses; the defenders having the advantage of substantial fortifications in the Insterburg Gap east of Königsberg, and around Heilsberg. Over the next few days, the 3rd Panzer Army of General Erhard Raus was largely destroyed or withdrew into Königsberg, while General Friedrich Hossbach′s 4th Army began to find itself outflanked.

Against fierce resistance, Rokossovsky attacked across the Narew on 14 January; on 20 January, he received orders to swing the axis of his advance northward toward Elbing. This sudden change of direction caught Reinhardt and Hossbach by surprise; on Rokossovsky's right flank, the 3rd Guards Cavalry Corps captured the major town of Allenstein on 22 January, threatening the rear of Hossbach's formation. On 24 January, Rokossovsky's leading tank units had reached the shore of the Vistula Lagoon, severing land communications with the rest of German armed forces for the entire 4th Army along with several divisions of the 2nd Army which were now trapped in a pocket centered on East Prussia. On the same day, Hossbach began to pull his units back from the fortified town of Lötzen—a center of the East Prussian defence system—and through a series of forced marches attempted to break out westward.

Other videos in channel "Blood Upon The Snow":

Battle for Moscow Battle for Moscow Battle of Berlin Battle of Berlin Battlefield - Battle Of Leningrad Battlefield - Battle Of Leningrad
Battlefield - Battle Of Manchuria Battlefield - Battle Of Manchuria Battlefield - Battle Of Stalingrad Battlefield - Battle Of Stalingrad
Blood Upon The Snow - 01 The Darkness Descends Blood Upon The Snow - 01 The Darkness Descends Blood Upon The Snow - 02 The Night Before Midnight Blood Upon The Snow - 02 The Night Before Midnight Blood Upon The Snow - 03 The Goths Ride East Blood Upon The Snow - 03 The Goths Ride East
Blood Upon The Snow - 04 Between Life And Death Blood Upon The Snow - 04 Between Life And Death Blood Upon The Snow - 05 The Fight From Within Blood Upon The Snow - 05 The Fight From Within
Blood Upon The Snow - 06 The Cauldron Boils Blood Upon The Snow - 06 The Cauldron Boils Blood Upon The Snow - 07 The Citadel Blood Upon The Snow - 07 The Citadel Blood Upon The Snow - 08 False Dawn Blood Upon The Snow - 08 False Dawn
Blood Upon The Snow - 09 The Fall Of The Swastika Blood Upon The Snow - 09 The Fall Of The Swastika Blood Upon The Snow - 10 The Cult Of Personality Blood Upon The Snow - 10 The Cult Of Personality Finnish Winter War Finnish Winter War
Mother of All Battles Mother of All Battles Operation Bagration Operation Bagration Red Air Force vs Luftwaffe Red Air Force vs Luftwaffe
Stalin and 1941 Stalin and 1941 Stalin and the Betrayal of Leningrad Stalin and the Betrayal of Leningrad The Assault on East Prussia The Assault on East Prussia
The Battle of Kursk The Battle of Kursk The Battle of Russia The Battle of Russia The Battle Of Stalingrad The Battle Of Stalingrad
The Battle of the Caucasus The Battle of the Caucasus The Great Battle Of the Volga The Great Battle Of the Volga The Russian German War The Russian German War
The Siege Of Leningrad The Siege Of Leningrad The Soviet Steamroller The Soviet Steamroller The War of the Century - When Hitler Fought Stalin The War of the Century - When Hitler Fought Stalin
Winter War of Finland and Russia Winter War of Finland and Russia    
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured