The Great Game, also called the Tournament of Shadows in Russia, was a term for the strategic rivalry and conflict between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for supremacy in Central Asia. The classic Great Game period is generally regarded as running approximately from the Russo-Persian Treaty of 1813 to the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907. A less intensive phase followed the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. In the post-WW2 post-colonial period, it would evolve into the Cold War era, termed "Great Game II" by some scholars.
The term "The Great Game" is usually attributed to Arthur Conolly (1807â€“1842), an intelligence officer of the British East India Company's Sixth Bengal Light Cavalry. It was introduced into mainstream consciousness by British novelist Rudyard Kipling in his novel Kim (1901).