This program explores the first year of the Korean conflict. On June 25th, 1950, North Korea unexpectedly attacked and overran U.S. and Southern Korean troops, pushing them to the Pusan perimeter, a tiny southeast corner of the peninsula. Reinforcements eventually arrived and repelled the North Koreans. Aided by General Macarthur's brilliant counterattack at Inchon, the Koreans were driven back past the 38th parallel to the Yalu River, the boundary of Chinese Manchuria. In November the Chinese launched their first offensive. U.N. forces were pushed back below the 38th parallel, and in January of 1951 evacuated Seoul.