DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

Making Of Modern Britain - The Great War

« Lost Heroes Of World War One

Newfoundland at the Somme »

Description

Making Of Modern Britain
The Great War

From Wikipedia

The United Kingdom—then consisting of England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland—was one of the Allied Powers during World War I (1914–1918), fighting against the Central Powers (the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria). The country's armed forces were reorganised—the war marked the creation of the Royal Air Force, for example—and increased in size because of the introduction, in January 1916, of forced conscription for the first time in the country's history. The outbreak of war has generally been regarded as a socially unifying event, though this view has been challenged by more recent scholarship. In any case, responses in the United Kingdom in 1914 were similar to those amongst populations across Europe.

Despite, on the eve of war, there being serious domestic unrest in the UK (amongst the labour and suffrage movements and, most notably, in Ireland), much of the population of the United Kingdom rapidly rallied around the national cause. Significant sacrifices were made in the name of defeating the enemy and many those who could not fight contributing to philanthropic and humanitarian causes. Fearing food shortages and labour shortfalls, the government passed legislation such as the Defence of the Realm Act, to give it new powers to safeguard civilians. The war saw a move away from the idea of "business as usual" (the preservation of the status quo) under prime minister Herbert Henry Asquith, and towards a state of total war (complete state intervention in public affairs) under David Lloyd George, the first time this had been seen in Britain. The war also witnessed the first aerial bombardments of cities in Britain.

Newspapers played an important role in maintaining popular support for the war. Large quantities of propaganda were produced by the government under the guidance of such journalists as Charles Masterman and newspaper owners such as Lord Beaverbrook. By adapting to the changing demographics of the workforce (or the "dilution of labour", as it was termed), war-related industries grew rapidly, and production increased, as disparate groups of people pulled together. In that regard, the war is also credited by some with drawing women into mainstream employment for the first time. Debates continue about the impact the war had on women's emancipation, given that a large number of women were granted the vote for the first time in 1918. The experience of individual women during the war varied; much depended on locality, age, marital status and occupation.

During the war, the British Royal Family, under George V, dissolved ties with its German relatives and changed its name from the German-sounding House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to the decidedly British House of Windsor. Meanwhile, the country faced other challenges; plans to rescue the King's cousins in Russia, including Tsar Nicholas II, were largely unsuccessful and the civilian death-rate rose due to food shortages and Spanish Flu, which hit the country in 1918. Military deaths are estimated to have exceeded 850,000. Furthermore, it has been suggested that increased national sentiment from the war helped to fuel the breakup of the British Empire, with countries such as Australia and Canada, then parts of the empire, fighting battles under their own direction. Nevertheless, from a geographical perspective, the empire reached its zenith at the conclusion of peace negotiations.

Other videos in channel "World War One Docs":

Aces Falling Aces Falling Australian War Experience during The Great War Australian War Experience during The Great War Battle Of The Somme Battle Of The Somme
Blood and Oil Blood and Oil Canada - WW1 History Canada - WW1 History
Churchill's First World War Churchill's First World War First World War History First World War History For King And Empire - 01Baptism Of Fire For King And Empire - 01Baptism Of Fire
For King And Empire - 02 Slaughter And Sacrifice For King And Empire - 02 Slaughter And Sacrifice For King And Empire - 03 Storming The Ridge For King And Empire - 03 Storming The Ridge
For King And Empire - 04 Slaughter In The Mud For King And Empire - 04 Slaughter In The Mud For King And Empire - 05 Masters Of War For King And Empire - 05 Masters Of War For King And Empire - 06 Shadows Of The Great War For King And Empire - 06 Shadows Of The Great War
Four Years Of Thunder 01 Four Years Of Thunder 01 Four Years Of Thunder 02 Four Years Of Thunder 02 Four Years Of Thunder 03 Four Years Of Thunder 03
Four Years Of Thunder 04 Four Years Of Thunder 04 Gas warfare in the First World War Gas warfare in the First World War Great War 01,02 - Explosion, Stalemate Great War 01,02 - Explosion, Stalemate
Great War 03,04 - Total War, Slaughter Great War 03,04 - Total War, Slaughter Great War 05,06 - Mutiny,Collapse Great War 05,06 - Mutiny,Collapse Great War 07 - Legacy Great War 07 - Legacy
Great War 08 - War Without End Great War 08 - War Without End Haig: The Unknown Soldier Haig: The Unknown Soldier Heart of Midlothian FC McCrae's Battalion Heart of Midlothian FC McCrae's Battalion
Hunt the Kaiser's Cruisers Hunt the Kaiser's Cruisers Jutland Jutland Last Day of World War I Last Day of World War I
Line of fire - Battle of the Somme Line of fire - Battle of the Somme Line Of Fire - Cambrai 1917 Line Of Fire - Cambrai 1917 Line Of Fire - Gallipoli Line Of Fire - Gallipoli
Line Of Fire - Mons Line Of Fire - Mons Lost Heroes Of World War One Lost Heroes Of World War One Making Of Modern Britain - The Great War Making Of Modern Britain - The Great War
Newfoundland at the Somme Newfoundland at the Somme People's Century 1916 - Killing Fields People's Century 1916 - Killing Fields People's Century 1917 - Red Flag People's Century 1917 - Red Flag
People's Century 1919 - Lost Peace People's Century 1919 - Lost Peace Pioneers Of Aviation Pioneers Of Aviation Secrets of World War I Secrets of World War I
Seeds of War Seeds of War Tanks Tanks The Battle of the Somme - (1976) The Battle of the Somme - (1976)
The Battle of the Somme (1916) The Battle of the Somme (1916) The Battle of Vimy Ridge The Battle of Vimy Ridge The Christmas Truce The Christmas Truce
The Crucified Soldier The Crucified Soldier The Eastern Front The Eastern Front The Gallipoli Disaster The Gallipoli Disaster
The Guns of August The Guns of August The Man Who Lost Ireland The Man Who Lost Ireland The Real Kaiser Bill: Wilhelm II of Germany The Real Kaiser Bill: Wilhelm II of Germany
The Red Baron The Red Baron The Russian Revolution In Colour The Russian Revolution In Colour The Somme - From Defeat To Victory The Somme - From Defeat To Victory
The Somme - Here Comes Kitchener's Army The Somme - Here Comes Kitchener's Army The Unknown Soldiers The Unknown Soldiers The War Revolution 1914 The War Revolution 1914
The War To End All War The War To End All War Third Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele) Third Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele) Three Kings At War Three Kings At War
Verdun Verdun Victoria Cross Heroes - The Great War Victoria Cross Heroes - The Great War War Comes to Britain War Comes to Britain
Warring and Roaring (1914 - 1929) Warring and Roaring (1914 - 1929) Was World War I the error of modern history? Was World War I the error of modern history? Western Front from above Western Front from above
World War 1 - Tactics and Strategy World War 1 - Tactics and Strategy World War 1 In Colour World War 1 In Colour World War I: American Legacy World War I: American Legacy
WW1 - The Definitive Collection WW1 - The Definitive Collection WW1 History - 1914 WW1 History - 1914 Ypres - Gas Inferno Ypres - Gas Inferno
Zeppelin - The First Blitz Zeppelin - The First Blitz    
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured